Locate new housing development near transit
Placing housing near transit stops assists residents in meeting their daily transportation needs and also reduces the need for vehicles, which helps clean our air.
Tool: Encourage transit-oriented development.
Transit-oriented developments (TODs) encourage moderate and high density housing near a transit site. TODs see reduced traffic congestion and accidents and expanded mobility of cyclists and pedestrians. Transit access reduces dependence on automobiles and helps clear our air.
- What is a TOD. http://www.reconnectingamerica.org/what-we-do/what-is-tod/
Tool: Work with other city departments to improve bicycle and pedestrian routes near and around transit stops.
Bicycle and pedestrian routes near transit stops provide a non-motorized way to move between the transit stop and the final destination.
- Los Angeles County Metro plan for improving non-motorized access to transit stops. http://media.metro.net/projects_studies/sustainability/images/path_design_guidelines_draft_november_2013.pdf
Work with Public Works, Parks and Recreation, and Community Development to create a connected, complete, and safe bicycle and pedestrian system
One of the most important reasons commuters do not use active transportation to get to work or school is because they feel it is unsafe, and the sidewalk and bike lane networks are not continuous or well-maintained. It is important to develop complete alternative transportation networks in order for them to be useful and used by commuters.
Tool: Encourage the city to adopt a “Complete Streets” policy which will make streets safe for all users – regardless of age and physical ability.
Complete streets are designed with all users in mind (drivers, transit riders, pedestrians, bicyclists, the elderly, children, and people with disabilities). Many jurisdictions around the country have adopted Complete Streets policies and national model policies can be used as a starting point.
- An introduction to Complete Streets http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/complete-streets
- Complete Streets Local Policy Workbook http://www.smartgrowthamerica.org/documents/cs-local-policy-workbook.pdf
- Complete Streets ordinance, Salt Lake City. Salt Lake City adopted a Complete Streets ordinance in 2010. The City’s second annual bicycle count reveals exciting results. After investing in approximately 50 lane miles of on-street bicycle facilities, the number of people riding bikes is up 27% over last year’s count. http://www.bikeslc.com/GetInvolved/MasterPlansandPolicies/PDF/CompleteStreetsOrdinance.pdf
Tool: Work with the city to develop bicycle parking requirements including long-term bike parking.
Bicycle parking minimizes the hassle and inconvenience of searching for a secure and safe place to lock one’s bicycle when arriving at one’s destination. By eliminating inconvenience and barriers, bicycle parking can elevate bicycling towards becoming a legitimate and viable transportation option for most trips in Provo. Thorough bicycle parking requirements account for both short-term and long-term parking, promote proper siting and layout, and allow for conversion of vehicular parking to bicycle parking.
- The Association of Pedestrian and Bicycle Professionals Bicycling Parking Guidelines: http://www.apbp.org/?page=publications
- Bicycle Parking Requirements, Salt Lake City
- Bicycle Parking Ordinance, San Francisco
Tool: Encourage the city to coordinate connectivity of trails, bikeways and pedestrian facilities.
Connectivity is a key to making biking and walking convenient. Connectivity standards should include coordination among different departments to encourage connectivity between destinations. New development or redevelopment should require designated bikeways. Street networks should be designed to ensure connectivity for pedestrians and cyclists.
The City of Davis, California works to ensure that pedestrian and bike connectivity in maintained throughout residential areas, providing connections through greenspace, cul-de-sacs, and larger streets.
Tool: Ensure safe routes to schools for children.
Partner schools with the Transportation Department to develop safe routes for children to bike and walk to and from school on developed bike lanes and sidewalks with monitored crosswalks.
- Safe School Routes Primer
Other Key Housing Authority Strategies
Prioritize energy efficiency in public housing developments.
Energy efficient building envelopes, systems, and appliances reduce negative impacts on our air quality while also reducing electricity costs for households and building users.
Tool: Calculate the energy efficiency of Housing Authority buildings.
Understanding energy problems in a building is the first step to improving energy efficiency.
- o The Home Energy Rating System (HERS) index is the nationally recognized scoring system for measuring a home’s energy performance. The HERS Index Score can be described as a sort of miles-per-gallon (MPG) sticker for houses, giving prospective buyers and homeowners an insight as to how the home ranks in terms of energy efficiency. In addition to a HERS Index Score, a home energy rating also provides the homeowner with a detailed report regarding energy problems in the house.
Tool: Install the best available technology to attain the highest efficiency standards on new buildings and remodels.
Outfitting housing developments with the best technologies that will improve air quality will also reduce energy costs.
- List of federal and state energy incentive programs that apply in Utah. http://programs.dsireusa.org/system/program?state=UT
- Wattsmart Residential Efficiency Program Rocky Mountain Power https://www.rockymountainpower.net/res/sem/utah.html
- Wattsmart Business Efficiency Program Rocky Mountain Power https://www.rockymountainpower.net/bus/se/utah.html
- Wattsmart New Homes Program Rocky Mountain Power https://www.rockymountainpower.net/res/sem/utah/esnh.html
- ThermWise Business Program http://www.thermwise.com/business/BusinessRebates.php
- Geothermal heat pump tax incentives. http://www.climatemaster.com/commercial-taxes
Tool: Install high efficiency, low emissions appliances.
There is a notable difference between the output of a low NOx water heater and an ultra-low NOx water heater. Although ultra-low NOx water heaters tend to be less energy efficient, various design techniques can be used to increase the water heater efficiency to meet the Energy Star criteria.[iii] Most Ultra-low NOx water heaters cost about $70 more than low NOx heaters, while Energy Star rated models are $150 more.
- Code requiring high-efficiency water heaters, California. Residential water heaters must be ultra-low NOx in California. http://www.energy.ca.gov/title24/2013standards/prerulemaking/documents/current/Reports/Residential/Water_Heating/2013_CASE_WH2.WH5_WaterHeaterReady-10.28.2011.pdf
- Commercial Building Disclosure (CBD) Program, Australia. The CBD program “requires energy efficiency information to be provided in most cases when commercial office space of 2000 square meters or more is offered for sale or lease. … An informed market rewards better performing buildings. It creates a strong market-based incentive for owners to improve their properties with cost-effective energy efficient upgrades that are attractive to buyers and tenants and increase return on investment.” http://cbd.gov.au/overview-of-the-program/what-is-cbd#Q3
[i] From Reconnecting America. https://www.flickr.com/photos/ractod/3953863528
[ii] From City of Davis. http://cityofdavis.org/home/showdocument?id=4809